Structuring written work. Grammar, vocabulary and spelling

Structuring written work. Grammar, vocabulary and spelling

Some assignments have a standard format, such as essay writer for example lab reports or case studies, and these will normally be explained in your course materials. For any other assignments, you shall need to come up with your own personal structure.

Your structure may be guided by:

  • the assignment question. For example, it might list topics or use wording such as ‘compare and contrast’.
  • The matter that is subject, that may suggest a structure centered on chronology, process or location, for instance
  • your interpretation associated with matter that is subject. For example, problem/solution, argument/counter-argument or sub-topics to be able worth focusing on
  • the structure of other texts you’ve read in your discipline. Glance at how the info is organised and sequenced. Make sure you modify the structure to fit your purpose in order to avoid plagiarism.

Essays are a rather form that is common of writing. All essays have the same basic three-part structure: introduction, main body and conclusion like most of the texts you write at university. However, the main body can be structured in several ways.

To create a essay that is good

Reports generally have a similar structure that is basic essays, with an introduction, body and conclusion. However, the main body structure can vary widely, once the term ‘report’ can be used for many forms of texts and purposes in various disciplines.

Find out whenever possible by what variety of report is anticipated.

Simple tips to plan your structure

There are lots of methods to show up with a structure for your work. It, try some of the strategies below if you’re not sure how to approach.

During and after reading your sources, make notes and commence thinking about approaches to structure the basic ideas and facts into groups. As an example:

  • search for similarities, differences, patterns, themes or other means of grouping and dividing the ideas under headings, such as for example advantages, disadvantages, causes, effects, problems, solutions or forms of theory
  • Use highlighters that are coloured symbols to tag themes or types of information in your readings or notes
  • cut and paste notes in a document
  • physically group your readings or notes into piles.

It’s a idea that is good brainstorm a few different ways of structuring your assignment after you have a rough concept of the key issues. Try this in outline form before you start writing – it is much easier to re-structure an outline than a half-finished essay. As an example:

  • draw some tree diagrams, mind-maps or flowcharts showing which ideas, facts and references could be included under each heading
  • discard ideas that do not squeeze into your overall purpose, and facts or references that are not helpful for what you would like to go over
  • if you have a lot of information, such as for instance for a thesis or dissertation, create some tables to show how each theory or relates that are reading each heading (this is often called a ‘synthesis grid’)
  • Plan the true quantity of paragraphs you may need, the subject at risk of each one, and dot points for every single bit of information and reference needed
  • try a few different possible structures until you see the one that is best suited.

Eventually, you’ll have a plan that is detailed enough for you really to start writing. You’ll know which ideas go into each section and, ideally, each paragraph. You will know how to locate evidence for anyone ideas in your notes plus the resources of that evidence.

If you’re having difficulty with the entire process of planning the structure of your assignment, consider trying a strategy that is different grouping and organising your data.

Making the structure clear

Your writing are going to be clear and logical to read if it’s easy to see the dwelling and how it fits together. It is possible to accomplish that in several ways.

  • Use the end of this introduction to show the reader what structure to anticipate.
  • Use headings and sub-headings to mark the sections clearly (if these are acceptable for your discipline and assignment type).
  • Use topic sentences at the start of each paragraph, to show the reader what the main idea is, and to link back into the introduction and/or headings and sub-headings.
  • Show the connections between sentences. The start of each sentence should link back to the primary concept of the paragraph or a sentence that is previous.
  • Use conjunctions and words that are linking show the dwelling of relationships between ideas. Examples of conjunctions include: however, similarly, in comparison, because of this good reason, as a result and moreover.


The majority of the forms of texts you write for university must have an introduction. Its purpose is to clearly tell your reader the topic, purpose and structure for the paper.

An introduction might be between 10 and 20 percent of the length of the whole paper and has three main parts as a rough guide.

  • It begins with the absolute most general information, such as background and/or definitions.
  • The middle may be the core of the introduction, in which you show the overall topic, purpose, your point of view, hypotheses and/or research questions (depending on what sort of paper it is).
  • It ends with the most specific information, describing the scope and structure of your paper.

If the main body of one’s paper follows a predictable template, including the method, results and discussion stages of a written report in the sciences, you generally don’t need certainly to include helpful tips to your structure in your introduction.

You should write your introduction if it is a persuasive paper) and the whole structure of your paper after you know both your overall point of view. Alternatively, you should revise the introduction if you have completed the body that is main.


Most academic writing is structured into paragraphs. It is helpful to think about each paragraph as a mini essay with a structure that is three-part

  • topic sentence (also known as introductory sentence)
  • body associated with paragraph
  • concluding sentence.

The sentence that is topic a general overview of the subject plus the function of the paragraph. With respect to the length of the paragraph, this might be one or more sentence. The sentence that is topic the question ‘What’s the paragraph about?’.

The body associated with paragraph elaborates right on this issue sentence by giving definitions, classifications, explanations, contrasts, examples and evidence, as an example.

The last sentence in many, yet not all, paragraphs could be the sentence that is concluding. It will not present new information, but often either summarises or comments regarding the paragraph content. It may also provide a web link, by showing the way the paragraph links into the topic sentence of the next paragraph. The concluding sentence often answers the question ‘So what?’, by explaining how this paragraph relates back into the main topic.

You don’t have to write your entire paragraphs by using this structure. For example, there are paragraphs with no topic sentence, or perhaps the topic is mentioned nearby the final end associated with paragraph. However, this might be a definite and common structure that makes it easy for the reader to adhere to.


In conclusion is closely pertaining to the introduction and it is often referred to as its ‘mirror image’. This means if the introduction begins with general information and ends with specific information, the conclusion moves within the opposite direction.

The conclusion usually:

  • begins by briefly summarising the main scope or structure associated with the paper
  • confirms this issue that was given when you look at the introduction. This may use the as a type of the aims of this paper, a thesis statement (point of view) or a research question/hypothesis and its answer/outcome.
  • ends with a more statement that is general how this topic pertains to its context. This could make the kind of an evaluation associated with the importance of this issue, implications for future research or a recommendation about theory or practice.

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